Chapter 6

Sources and references for Folha's artificial intelligence special report

Books, articles and other documents used for putting this set of materials together

Raphael Hernandes

For producing this material, the reporter traveled to Barcelona, Seattle (invited by Microsoft), Toronto (invited by IBM) and Las Vegas (invited by AWS).

The texts were based in over 150h of contend gathered in person in 2019, including interviews, speeches, technical training and debates. Besides, there were over 12h of interviews through electronic devices (phone and videocalls).


Multiple articles and books helped throughout the reporting. The most important ones were:

AI Guidelines

European Union: Orientações éticas para uma IA de confiança

Unesco: Human Decisions: Thoughts on AI

IEEE: Ethically Aligned Design

United Nations: United Nations Activities on Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Google: Artificial Intelligence at Google: Our Principles

IBM: Everyday Ethics for Artificial Intelligence

Microsoft: AI principles


Neural Networks and Deep Learning (Michael Nielsen)

Tools and Weapons: The Promise and the Peril of the Digital Age (Brad Smith, Penguin Press)

Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies (Nick Bostrom, OUP Oxford)


Pat Langley: The changing science of machine learning

François Chollet: On the Measure of Intelligence

Nick Bostrom: Ethical Issues in Advanced Artificial Intelligence

Ian J. Goodfellow, Jean Pouget-Abadie, Mehdi Mirza, Bing Xu, David Warde-Farley, Sherjil Ozair, Aaron Courville, Yoshua Bengio: Generative Adversarial Networks

Chris Smith, Brian McGuire, Ting Huang, Gary Yang: The History of Artificial Intelligence

Adrian Weller: Challenges for Transparency

Rafael Calvo, Dorian Peters, Karina Vold, Richard M. Ryan: Supporting human autonomy in AI systems

John McCarthy, Marvin L. Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester, Claude E. Shannon: A Proposal for the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence, August 31, 1955

Stephen Cave, Kanta Dihal: Hopes and fears for intelligent machines in fiction and reality

Alan M. Turing: Computing Machinery and Intelligence

Scott Mayer McKinney, Marcin Sieniek, [...] Shravya Shetty: International evaluation of an AI system for breast cancer screening

NIST: NIST Study Evaluates Effects of Race, Age, Sex on Face Recognition Software


Council of Europe: History of Artificial Intelligence

Dataversity: A Brief History of Machine Learning

ISPI: How China Uses Artificial Intelligence to Control Society

Kyle McDonald: How to recognize fake AI-generated images

Robohub: An ethical dilemma: When robot cars must kill, who should pick the victim?

Bernard Marr & Co.: What Is Deep Learning AI? A Simple Guide With 8 Practical Examples

Hacker Noon: General vs Narrow AI

Machina Sapiens: Aprendizagem de Máquina é Divertido!

NVIDIA: What"s the Difference Between Supervised, Unsupervised, Semi-Supervised and Reinforcement Learning?

Towards Data Science: What is AI bias?

Accenture: Artificial Intelligence to Drive South America's Growth

Deloitte: Future in the balance? How countries are pursuing an AI advantage

Oxford Insights: Government Artificial Intelligence Readiness Index 2019

The Brookings Institution: Robots kill jobs. But they create jobs, too.

Financial Times: Why Google thinks we need to regulate AI

Microsoft: Facial recognition: It"s time for action

BBC: Researchers: Are we on the cusp of an "AI winter"?

BBC: Is China gaining an edge in artificial intelligence?

Mercury News: Top AI researchers race to detect "deepfake" videos: "We are outgunned"

Politico: EU considers temporary ban on facial recognition in public spaces

ProPublica: Machine Bias

South China Morning Post: Artificial intelligence is watching China"s students but how well can it really see?

The Seattle Times: AI 101: What is artificial intelligence and where is it going?

The Verge: Why video games and board games aren"t a good measure of AI intelligence

Time: Meet the Researchers Working to Make Sure Artificial Intelligence Is a Force for Good

Wall Street Journal: Tech Giants" New Appeal to Governments: Please Regulate Us

Washington Post: Facebook, Twitter disable sprawling inauthentic operation that used AI to make fake faces

Wired: How AI Will Turn Us All Into Filmmakers

AI Trends: AI Glossary

Artificial-Intelligence.Blog: AI Terminology/Glossary

The New York Times: An A.I. Glossary

Emerj: Everyday Examples of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning